Hyperpigmentation is the result of excess melanin being produced, this forms deposits in the skin and gives off the appearance of a freckle or brown spot. (Swipe to see ➡️)
There are three main types of hyperpigmentation; UV induced, post inflammatory and hormonal induced hyperpigmentation.
Sun damage is the main cause of hyperpigmentation (hello SPF!). The brown spots can appear light or dark, and it typically shows up on areas of skin that are exposed to sunlight, like hands, chest, face and shoulders.
Another cause of hyperpigmentation is post inflammatory hyperpigmentation, this is caused from injury or inflammation to the skin. Darker skin types are most prone to this type of pigmentation, but all skin types may experience it.
Lastly, hormonally induced hyperpigmentation is often seen as melasma or pregnancy mask. These changes are typically seen on the face during pregnancy or other spikes in hormones.
So, what can we do to treat it?
1) Exfoliation, I find chemical exfoliation to work best. As pigment appears to be darker at the surface of the skin, chemical exfoliants can be very useful in lifting pigment. Using a retinol product helps skin renew itself quicker, and bring healthier cells to the surface. This gives the appearance of lighter spots and a more even complexion.
2) Using a lightening product helps. Vivier makes a skin brightening cream as well as a Vitamin C Serum that aids in the lightening and evening out of your complexion.
3) Protect your skin from UV exposure. An SPF of at least 30 is required. Sunlight will worsen discolouration. Be diligent about reapplying.
4) Treatments. IPL Facials are a great way to help the uneven appearance as it uses wavelengths of light to target the darker pigment. Silkpeels coupled with chemical peels have also been proven to be effective in helping lighten and brighten the skin.
Fall is the perfect time to combat skin discolouration, as you typically see less sun. For the month of October I will be focusing our treatments on skin clarity and tone. Stay tuned for some stellar before and afters! 🍁🍂
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